## Roulette Strategy

Roulette is one of the simplest casino games to comprehend, and to play. The roulette wheel contains either 37 or 38 slots, with the numbers 1-36 assigned to each slot, plus a slot for zero (and in most American casinos, a slot for double-zero as well). Players bet on which slot the ball will fall into, and there are also other “outside” combination bets possible as well. Players make their bets by placing color-coded chips on the number or numbers they choose. Then the dealer spins the wheel. As its spinning the dealer throws out the ball, and everyone waits to see into which slot, or pocket, it will land. Unlike with other casino games, the chips used for betting do not have a value; the color-coding is simply used to differentiate between the various players, so that bets won’t be confused. (Chips that DO have their value stamped on them are actually called “checks”). In any event, with up to eight players playing at the roulette table, there are eight sets of different-colored chips, and each set has 300 chips in it. The value of the chips is determined like this: buy-in price divided by number of chips received. To indicate the value of the chip, the dealer will place a token on top of his chip stack of that color.

While the arrangement of the numbers on the roulette wheel appears to be a random arrangement, the truth is that there is indeed a method to this madness. What is obvious to the eye is that red and black alternate, and odd and even alternate. What is less obvious is the fact that the sums of the numbers in each section of the wheel are about the same as the sums in every other section. What you’ll see is a pair of numbers in each section, separated by one number in between the two, but the sum of that PAIR is almost always either 37 or 39. For instance you’ll find 10 paired with 29, 25 with 12, 29 with 8, 8 with 31, 19 with 18, 31 with 6, 18 with 21, 6 with 33, 21 with 16, 33 with 4, 16 with 23, 4 with 35, etc etc. There are some numbers that don’t fall within the pattern, such as 12 27, 14, 2, 28, 11, 13 and 1.

Payouts for bets, according to United States rules, are as follows:

A bet on red pays 1 to 1 (probability: 47.37%).

A bet on an odd number coming up pays 1 to 1, a bet on an even number coming up pays 1 to 1, a bet on the numbers 1-18 coming up pays 1 to 1, a bet on the numbers 19-36 coming up pays 1 to 1 (probability: 47.3%).

A bet on numbers 1-12 coming up pays 2 to 1, a bet on numbers 13-24 coming up pays 2 to 1, a bet on numbers 25-36 coming up pays 2 to 1, a bet placed on any column coming up pays 2 to 1 (probability: 31.58%).

A bet on any one number coming up pays 35 to 1 (2.63% probability).

A bet on a 2-number combination coming up pays 17 to 1 (5.26% probability).

A bet on a 3-number combination coming up pays 11 to 1 (7.89% probability).

A bet on a 4-number combination coming up pays 8 to 1 (10.53% probability).

A bet on a 6-number combination coming up pays 5 to 1 (15.79% probability).

A bet on a 0, 00, 1, 2, 3 coming up pays 6 to 1 (13.16% probability).
The rules for playing roulette vary.

In the United States (excluding Atlantic City), roulette wheels have a 0 slot and a 00 slot. The house edge, or advantage, for a 00 game is 1/19 (5.26%) on each bet. Nevertheless, an exception to this is the 0-00-1-2-3 combination bet. This particular bet gives the house an advantage of 7.89%.

If you’re looking for a place that has the single-0 table (house edge of 1/37, or 2.70%), you might want to try: the Tropicana, Monte Carlo, Stratosphere or Mandalay Bay – all in Las Vegas – or the Grand Casino in Tunica. You should know, however, that playing at these single-0 tables demands a price: in this case, a fairly hefty minimum bet.

The casinos in Atlantic City that use 00 wheels generally allow the “En Prison” rule – also called the “European Imprisonment” rule – for even-money bets. This lowers the house edge by half (i.e., on red, black, odd, even, 1-18, and 19-36 bets, the house edge is now 1/38, or 2.63%). This means that if you make an even-money bet and either a 0 or 00 comes up, you�ll lose only half your bet.

In Europe, only one 0 is used on the roulette wheel. Also, the “En Prison” rule applies, meaning that if the ball lands on 0, all even-money bets are left there until the next spin. If on the next spin the bet wins, the bet is returned. If it’s another 0, then half the bet is returned. If the bet loses, the house collects the whole thing. The house therefore has an edge of 1/74 (1.35%) on even-money bets. It has an edge of 1/37 (2.70%) on all the other bets.

## Online Roulette House Edge

The house edge is something every gambler needs to take into account when playing with, and choosing, a casino. Every casino has an edge in order to make a profit. If it weighted the odds fairly, most casinos would go bust within a matter of weeks. Successful gamblers are participating in the eternal battle to overturn this house edge via special systems and taking advantage of bonuses.

The house edge is also called the expected value. It takes into account the potential amount lost compared with the bet made. It takes the average of this to determine the house average. House edges always remain the same unless the game is somehow rigged.

## Expected Value Calculations

The actual house edge requires a significant amount of mathematical ability to calculate in the middle of a frenzied game of roulette. Roulette is the easiest game to use as an example of house edge calculations. In the American version of roulette, the chance of winning if betting on a single number is 38-to-1. If they hit the number, they would increase their wager by 35 times. There is also a chance that they will lose their wager, though. These figures are what make the house edge.

The calculation itself is actually -1 multiplied by 37 over 38 plus 35 multiplied by one over 38. It is more complicated than it looks, but after carrying out these functions, the player is left with a decimal and a minus sign. Ignore the minus sign and simply multiply the figure by a hundred to get the house edge. In this example, the house edge would equal 5.26 percent.

## Green Squares and Bets

The greens squares on the roulette wheel and table serve as the house edge. It is why the double “00” appears on many wheels since it further boosts the casino’s chance of winning. In terms of these green squares, if a single or double zero appears, every outside bet loses. On the other hand, inside bets also put the casino at an advantage because all payouts have odds of 35-to-1.

The easiest way to look at this is by placing one betting unit on every inside number. This assures a win. Clever casinos have already countered this smart trick, though, because if the person always wins they will spend 38 betting units to win 36 each time. Over time, they will steadily lose money and the casino will gain money.

## House Edge and Hold

The hold is something entirely different and is often confused with the house edge. The hold is actually the average amount of money lost by a player before he leaves the table. This is expressed as a percentage and is used to predict exactly how much a casino has made from each player. The Casino Control Commission for casinos in Atlantic City releases monthly reports on this.

For players, this is not relevant to them unless they want to evaluate their own performances. If they are implementing a new system or a new tactic they can see if it is working or not. Professional players need calculations like these as it is almost impossible to remember how much they have won and lost after so many wagers.

## Relation to Players

The house edge uses the same principle for every type of game. Roulette is just one of the most prominent examples. Online casinos can switch the house edge up or down in order to entice players or maximise their profits. The most successful of these casinos strike the right balance between the house edge and profitability. These days, nearly every land-based casino must choose 34 or 35-to-1 as their roulette odds, as dictated by gambling regulation commissions.

## Roulette Wheel

At more than one hundred pounds and nearly 3 feet in diameter, the modern roulette wheel is a massive (and brilliantly engineered) piece of equipment, and something to contend with! Its design is carefully worked out, with nothing random about it and its layout is intricate. In all, there are 38 “pockets” (a pocket is the place in which the ball comes to rest), with 18 of those pockets red, 18 black, and 2 green.

The green pockets contain the numbers 0 and 00 (double zero), while the other pockets are numbered from 1 through 36. You will notice that the numbers are not simply thrown out randomly – there is a careful order to how they’ve been arranged (for instance, you can see that an odd number is placed directly across from the next highest even number).

Balance is what is sought in the roulette wheel, and this balance is found also in alternating color (red and black), number (high and low), and as stated already, through the alternating of even and odd.

You may wonder for what reason such order is sought, since after all no roll is dependent on any roll beforehand, and the position of numbers should hardly affect where the ball comes to its final resting position. And yet if this were so, why would you be able to bet on more than the individual number?

Why would each pocket have added attributes for betting on? Clearly, there is a REASON why the design of the roulette wheel is a standardized thing in the industry.

How is the game of roulette played? The croupier (or dealer) will spin the wheel in a counter clockwise fashion. This motion releases a ball which, as the wheel slows down, gets pulled down off the track and bounces around until it comes to a final resting position in one of the pockets. Its journey to the final pocket is a bumpy one, as it hits many little obstacles along the way. This circuitous journey ensures that its final landing will have been reached randomly.

## Online Roulette Tips And Tricks

There are people who play roulette and have a system. A system, or method of play that will ensure that they can beat the odds at the tables and be winners at the game. There are those who have studied the game and written books describing their system, books that you can buy.

They claim their system can overcome the laws of probability and chance. If there were to be such a system the casinos would have long gone bust. They are convinced that their systems do work and there are thousands of players out there ready to try these systems. All determined to break the bank and make a killing. They are easy prey.

Here is a case study. First of all it is a fact that the house edge is 5.25%. and so the casino stands to win 5.26% more of the table bets than it will lose. On some bets you can calculate your odds to be very favorable, in fact too favorable to be true. A bet on two columns on the same spin shows an odds advantage of 24-14. True, but also false.

You must look at the whole picture. You bet \$12 on each column, your bet a total of \$24. You win and you get paid \$12. If the odds were 24 to 14, you should get paid \$14. If you had lost the casino would have taken \$24, but when you won you only got paid \$12. You can see then that the casino’s payout for the winning bet is below the odds. It is this “payoff”, below the odds, that gains the house its advantage.

Looking at such an incomplete picture it is very easy to convince a person of the merits of such systems.

## The Martindale system

This is a system many follow but it needs careful thought. It appears as a simple mathematical equation. It applies on “outside” bets where each bet is an even money bet and you have a fifty fifty chance. Let us assume you bet on red. If you lose, place another bet for twice the amount on red again. If you lose again, place another bet, again on red for double the previous amount bet. At some point if you have kept on doubling, you will win and recoup your loss and add an even money win on the original wager. All sounds very logical.

Now let us consider the downside. In the first place there is no absolute fifty-fifty bet. Be that as it may, the casino has anticipated this situation. They know the system and have anticipated it , and have put an upper limit on table bets. So, the last bet you have to make in your string of lost bets, to recover, could be over the table limit. Even if you are within the table limit, and you win, you might have had to bet a sum of say \$320 to win \$5, your original bet. Not good thinking and a serious flaw in the system.

Serious opinion says that all these systems that have been thought out, do not really do for you what they claim. They might work for a while but then the law of averages takes over and you are on a downward curve. One result they do achieve is to spread your money around multiple bets and make your money last longer. One fact you can’t escape is that the longer you are at the table the higher your chances are of losing. The Casino business is a very big business and you can be sure that they have covered every angle of the game.

Serious players who study every angle have noted that some roulette wheels are biased. Despite the accurate engineering in a wheel, constant use or some other factor of wear and tear may cause a bias in a wheel. This imperfection may be so small as to be almost undetectable but, it is there, and with very sophisticated equipment for measuring and a computer, it may be possible to measure the exact pattern of the wheel, and from this be able to record its performance and determine which number predominates.

With this knowledge the player could easily exploit this advantage over the Casino. To find such a wheel and monitor it is not a simple exercise and again do not for a minute think that the Casinos are unaware. They have themselves very sophisticated electronic security devices to detect such monitoring. In online casinos this phenomena also exists and there are software applications that can monitor these abnormalities in a wheel, but, know this, the online casino has the same software!

A great deal has been written and said about beating the game of roulette. Serious research on the subject by many a mathematician has yet to reveal a system to beat the wheel.

## Roulette Table

The roulette table is rectangular in shape and quite striking too, with its red, black and green colors it brightens up the casino floor! Its layout is meaningful, and is designed to make betting easy. Players are meant to gather around one end and side of the table, while the dealer – and only the dealer – stands on the other. The table stretches from the roulette wheel on one end to the box for column bets on the other.

The inside of the table has individual squares for each number, from 1-36 inclusive, some numbers in red and some numbers in black. The numbers are arranged sequentially and horizontally (i.e., 1, 2, 3 goes along the top row) and then down (i.e., 4, 5, 6 goes the next row, and so on, all the way down to the bottom row, 34, 35, 36). Players can bet on single numbers or they can put numbers together on which to bet.

The outside of the table is laid out as follows. On the long side end of the rectangle you have options for betting on the first twelve numbers, the second twelve numbers, or the third set of twelve numbers. You also have the option for betting on numbers 1-18, 19-36, red, black, even or odd. On the narrow end of the rectangle you have the option of betting on entire columns. A column reflects the way the numbers come out vertically (i.e., the first column consists of the numbers 1, 4, 7 . . . all the way down to 34, going down by increments of 3). Column bets, by the way, pay 2:1.

Given the set-up of the table, you can now understand what it means to refer to “inside bets” and “outside bets.” Inside bets are made on the numbers themselves (which are on the “inside” of the table). Outside bets are made on the TYPE of numbers (i.e., red, black, even, odd, first twelve or last twelve, etc), and these characteristics are described on the “outside” part of the table.

The standard American roulette table is the same as the standard European table, but there is apparently a new form of roulette called French roulette, and with French roulette the bets are shuffled around the board in a different way. Apparently, the French roulette table layout enables players to gather around the entire table – not just one end and side – making the experience more like craps, with its rowdier ambiance.

## Play Roulette Online

The internet has opened the world of gambling to a totally new arena. Apart of these developments, like its casino counterparts, is roulette. Roulette has joined the ranks of those casino games available online.

One of the benefits that most online casino and gambling sites like to point of playing online is the ability to control the environment and surroundings. Indeed, unlike at actual casinos, playing via the internet allows gamblers to set the ambiance in which they are playing. This includes lowering or upping the noise factor, and more importantly players choosing to participate online can avoid the havoc and commotion that actual casinos entail.

The benefits of this are not only peace of mind, but also the relaxation required to make intelligent choices. For example, playing at home allows players to contemplate their decisions for as long as they need, it allows them to resource and research games as well as practice before playing for real cash.

Similarly, there are benefits to playing even roulette from the comfort of your arm chair. With the knowledge that it is very rare to come across bias roulette wheels on the internet, the chances are you will be playing an objective and truly random game. Additionally, for players searching to enjoy the single zero roulette wheel option, available in Europe and not America, access to these are now more frequently available and easily accessible.

The odds and fairness of online gambling spots and their comparison to their brick and mortar cousins is an important question which arises amongst even the least discerning players. Typically they question how the randomness is determined as well as what creates the odds, and what sort of checks and balances are in place to ensure that these values are maintained to the highest levels.

Roulette is known for its total randomness. The ball spinning around the wheel, obstructed by various bits ensures forces it to bounce around before coming to a stop, and thus also ensures its total randomness. Gamblers searching for games of complete random and no skill enjoy the roulette option, as they are assured the fairness and odds of the game. The feeling of fairness is less assured when playing online digital games.

This is simply because players cannot see the process underway and are therefore not confident that the correct measures are taking place. In such cases the best thing to do is check out online forums and discussions. This will point gamblers in the right direction and boost confidence in the system. Contact with participants who have actually won money from playing online helps beginners to find confidence in the online gambling world.

Furthermore, it is possible to determine what kind of odds casino offer by getting in contact with staff or resource centres that supply help and information – normally supplied by the casino site itself. A good thing to always do when playing at a new site is to check its legitimacy by finding certain credentials such as licenses offered by legitimate licensing boards.

## Roulette Glossary

The American Wheel consists of thirty-eight numbers; these include numbers from one to thirty-six, a zero and a 00 (double-zero).

A column Bet is one in which the player bets for a whole column – believing the winning number will fall into the chosen column. The roulette table has three such columns. The casino pays out two to one for the column bet.

A corner bet is when a player bets on four numbers at once. The payout for such bets is eight to one.

The person employed by the casino and operating the table is known as a croupier.

To bet that the winning number will fall within one of twelve numbers, players can place a dozen bet. The dozen bet is divided into three groups. From 1 – 12; 13 – 24; and 25 – 36. The payout for this bet is two to one.

The American roulette wheel has a double zero. This is an extra 00.

The European roulette has only one zero: 0

Players have the option of betting that the winning number will be either even or odd. This is known as the even or odd bet.

The five number bet covers the numbers: zero, double-zero, one, two and three. The payout for this bet is six to one.

The French wheel differs from the American one in that it contains only one zero.

A high bet covers the numbers from nineteen to thirty-six, while a low bet refers to the numbers one to eighteen.

There are 2 categories for betting. Inside-bets and outside-bets. The inside bets are all those bets where the chips are set down on the inner roulette table, while the outside bets are those where the chips are placed around the outer roulette table.

Players have the option of betting on either black or red colors. This bet pays out evenly.

Players can bet on six numbers at once. This is called the six-number bet. Alternatively, the split bet allows players to bet on two numbers at the same time.

The bet with the highest payout is the straight bet. This is when the player places his or her chips on a single number. The payout for the straight bet is thirty-five to one. This is often called a Straight Up Bet.

It is also possible to bet on three numbers at once. The trio bet pays out at a rate of eleven to one.

All  roulette wheels include the number zero.

## European Roulette

Many people are not familiar with the knowledge that there is more than one form of roulette on offer. In fact, while most people are familiar with American roulette most have never come across the second style of roulette – European roulette.

The differences between each are minor technicalities that can have certain consequences. Firstly, the American roulette wheel has a total number of thirty-eight numbers. That is, it has all the numbers ranging from one to thirty-six; then it also includes two zeros (0). This extra zero increases the house’s advantage over the player. Indeed, in American roulette, the house has over a five percent advantage over the players. Statistically, this means that for every one-hundred dollars betted by a player the house earns approximately five dollars and twenty-six cents.

Alternatively, the European wheel lacks the double zero option. It follows that it also has the numbers one to thirty-six, and the zero – but no second zero. The result is that the house edge (by percentage) drops by almost half. In fact, in European roulette, for every one-hundred dollars betted by the gambler, the house earns approximately two dollars and seventy cents.

There are several other technical differences between the two games. Firstly, while American roulettes use a variety of colored chips, the European counter parts only use one color, this helps in distinguishing chips and bets between players. Additionally, while the croupiers in European casinos use rakes (a long stick type tool) to bring in all the chips, their American cousins use their hands for this purpose.

## Roulette Betting

Playing the game of Roulette is really very simple and straight forward. The wheel has a table layout in front of it, and around which the players sit. You are betting on numbers and combinations, which are the inside bets, and other bets around the numbers table, which are the outside bets. You have time to place your bets and to then sit and watch the wheel spin until it stops. The table has a minimum bet which you can play and there are many different types of bet that you can make and which are described below.

The outside bets which are those that are the bets around the table of numbers:

Red or Black. Each number is coloured either red or black. There are squares of red and of black and you place your bet on the colour of your choice. The bet on a colour is an even money bet. If you bet five dollars and your colour comes up, you win five dollars. There is a fifty fifty chance of your colour coming up. Bear in mind that you will be making a big mistake if you think that if five reds have come up that there is a better than 50% chance of the sixth spin being black.

Odds or Evens. As with the colour bet there are squares marked odds and another, evens. There are 36 numbers (the zeros not included), and once again, make your choice, it is an even money bet.

Low or High. There is an area designated for numbers 1 to 18, and one for numbers 19 to 36. Choose your number, place it in the appropriate box. The odds on a bet placed in one of these areas is again an even money bet.

Columns. The numbers on the table layout are in three columns. At the foot of each column is a box, and in it is written 2 to 1. Your bet is that one of the numbers in that column will come up. You bet \$5 and you will win \$10 if it comes up.

Dozens. The columns also have dividing lines which separate them in dozens. The boxes for these bets are on the side and are marked, 1st twelve (1 to 12), 2nd twelve, (13 to 24) and 3rd twelve (25 to 36). A bet in these boxes pays 2 to 1.

The inside bets. These are the numbers in the centre of the table layout.

The straight up bet. This is the simplest of all the bets. You choose a number, or numbers, from the 38 on the board which includes the zero and double zero, and place you bets on their squares. Your total bet must add up to at least the minimum table bet. The odds on this bet are 35 to 1.

The split bet. You can place a bet on the dividing line of two adjacent numbers. The odds on this bet are 17 to 1.

The street bet. This is a split bet but in this instance you choose a row of numbers and place your bet on the outside of that row. If you choose the numbers 4,5,6 , you place your chips on the outside edge of number 6. The odds for this bet are 11 to 1.

The corner bet. This bet is also a combination of numbers. You choose four adjoining numbers and place your chips on the corner where all four numbers meet. If any of the four numbers come up your odds are 8 to 1. This bet is sometimes referred to as a square bet.

The five number bet. It is called this because there is only one five number bet available on the table. This bet is placed on the corner of the intersection of 0 and 1. If zero, double zero, 1 or 2 or 3 come up, the odds are 6 to 1. This is a bet to probably avoid. It is the least attractive of all the roulette bets.

## American Roulette

Originating in France roulette was shipped over to America with the French immigrants who settled in New Orleans. Since it was known as ‘European Roulette’ or ‘Zero Roulette’ in France, it managed to maintain this title in the beginning of its settlement in the USA. Nevertheless adaptations took place in its new environment. These adaptations came in the form of an additional zero pocket making two in total (double zero). The American roulette favors the house edge, which is upped almost double.

Additionally, this new version has two pockets which cannot be played on outside bets. This is due to the fact that American Roulette has a higher total number of numbers. Unlike European Roulette which has thirty-seven numbers, American Roulette has thirty eight – thus affecting the house edge. Accordingly, the European version is considered more player friendly than the American counter part.

Players agree that the house edge on the European version is far more reasonable than that of the American version, which they consider unfair.